The Gewog is under Gelephu Dungkhag and under Sarpang Dzongkhag. Taraythang Gewog has an area of about 399 sq. km and comprises of 5 Chiwog and 11 villages. It has a total regular population of 811 with 134 households both old and resettlement. The Gewog has settlement only in four Chiwogs while one Chiwog still remains unoccupied although there is gung holder; this particular Chiwog is Woongchiloo Chiwog. The Chiwog also does not have any Tshogpa candidate. The Chiwog have no modern facilities of any sort, the land owners which comprise totally of old settlement are residing outside the Gewog.
Taraythang Gewog is re-established only in 2007 and it is very young Gewog with wide range of development scope. The Gewog Administration is in Yoezergang Chiwog the center has all the basic infrastructure and are in good running conditions. The dialects spoken in the Gewog are sharchop and lhotsham only. The Gewog shares it border with Umling Gewog at west, Indian state of Assam at south and Zhemgang Dzongkhag at east and north. The Gewog experiences a very heavy rainfall in the monsoon season which cuts the Gewog from the nearest Gewog. The Gewog as of 2016 has a total registered voter of 500. The Gewog has 93.50% of its area under forest cover.